After the resolutions were drafted but before the convention, Stanton added a line on her own about women’s voting rights: Resolved, that it is the duty of the women of this country to secure to themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise. Women across the country were forming grassroots groups advocating not only woman suffrage but also a variety of other causes including temperance, tax resistance, free love and social purity. We cry. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Each woman had her say in creating the list of resolutions, addressing topics including education, work, religion, and the role of women in their families. M�cC�"�J���J�G�������L�_�ע�3��T"_��J���CFNpS0����vz�!�!��� Many of the women feared that demanding the right to vote would cause the whole document to be disregarded as too radical. At the Seneca Falls Convention, 300 men and women gathered for two days to attend lectures and discuss the drafted Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, which they would all sign at the end. In 1847, Lucretia Mott was traveling in the Seneca Falls area of New York where Elizabeth Cady Stanton lived. The AWSA stalwarts Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell objected and tried to offer correctives, but their failure to produce a competing published account made theirs a losing battle. Held in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, it was the first convention devoted exclusively to women’s rights. In 1977, the National Women's Conference in Houston commenced with the carrying of a torch from Seneca Falls, and the Women's Rights National Historical Park was dedicated there in 1982. Only women were allowed to speak on the first day, while men and women attended and participated on the second day. Black women were involved in some of these efforts, but they also worked independently for improvement of the employment conditions of freedwomen and for recognition of the respectability of elite black women. N7HwzbM��� The male attendees debated for an entire day about the women even being allowed to enter the building! ", Such commemorative moves became a useful tool in Stanton and Anthony's struggle to rein in an increasingly chaotic postwar movement scene. endobj What 100 Days Of Trump Has Meant For Women, Lovers & Fighters In America: Mom Teaches Daughters To Use Their Voices, Gender Bias Still Exists In Literary Criticism, We All Liked Problematic Stuff As Kids, But We Don’t Have To Pass Them On, Running Away From Home At 15 Helped Me Find A Home Within Myself. The "rigid chronology" created by the myth of Seneca Falls continues to prove difficult to challenge, and Tetrault clearly articulates the paradox created by Anthony's belief in the power of history. A Protestant revival movement called the Second Great Awakening in early 19th century US is thought to have been an inciting influence on the women’s rights movement. See: Full text of the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions. However, most abolitionist men didn’t welcome the participation of women, and believed that it wasn’t their place to be involved in politics, social issues, or public speaking. Tetrault pairs her description of just how untidy women's reform politics were in the 1870s with a careful exposition of just how motivated Stanton and Anthony were to direct women's energies toward "what they believed to be the only sensible agenda: woman suffrage achieved nationally.". Summary In a quiet town of Seneca Falls, New York, over the course of two days in July, 1848, a small group of women and men, led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, held a convention that would launch the woman's rights movement and change the course of history. The Myth of Seneca Falls explains why such a widespread error was almost inevitable. The first women's rights movement advocated equal rights for white women by leveraging abolitionist and Second Great Awakening sentiment. Contemporary suffragists held different viewpoints on the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention. Categories: Women's SuffrageTags: american women, suffragists, Your email address will not be published. iD���֦��6���bo�]U����v6 In Western society up until the 19th century, women were considered to belong to the private sphere and have no place in public life or politics. Giving women the vote was not considered except to ridicule the idea. Stanton saw her chance and gathered a group of local progressive Quaker women to organize a women’s rights convention while Lucretia Mott was in the area to serve as key speaker. By 1886, when the first three volumes of the History appeared, many movement activists had no memory of antebellum reform or the divisive postwar era, and the History's skewed tale began to function as the movement's "official record." Tetrault uses these events to set the stage for the suffrage memory battle, arguing that Stanton and Anthony wanted to ensure that women's contributions to abolitionism and the Union's victory—and the citizenship rights that they deserved as a result—would be part of the war's legacy. Women could not own or inherit property, sign contracts, or write their own wills, let alone vote. The second review of Seneca Falls and the Origins of the Women's Rights Movement was conducted by Catherine Allgor who recognized that “In spite of the occasional impressive insight, Similar conferences were held around the country as soon as two weeks later, with Lucretia Mott serving as featured speaker at a similar conference in upstate New York. The early temperance movement - spread and temporary decline . To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Though they spoke on many topics besides women’s rights, the mere fact that they were speaking in public to mixed-gender audiences was revolutionary at the time. Lucy Stone declined to attend, but she would appear at a thirtieth anniversary celebration of the 1850 Worcester meeting two years later. The chosen book titled “Seneca Falls and the Origins of the Women 's Right Movement” is written by Sally McMillen in 2008. Although The Myth of Seneca Falls is uninterested in the "truth" of when the women's rights or woman suffrage movement began—every movement has multiple origins and multiple stories about them—it does aim to establish what was gained and lost as the story of Seneca Falls took hold in the American imagination. 24 0 obj or Amelia Bloomer: Temperance, Suffrage, and Rational Dress Advocate. Yet Anthony's success at promulgating her version of events had a price. So, what were the results of the Seneca Falls Convention? She and Stanton won the memory battle and invented women's history in the process, but they left "little room to create new founding stories that might better address the challenges of the 21st century.". Tetrault's lively narrative of the conflicts and resentments of the preceding decades makes the eventual merger seem almost miraculous. A community for sharing what makes us tick, what ticks us off, plus pictures of our dogs (or cats – inclusivity is important). making public speaking more common for women, Full text of the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions. Seneca Falls and the Origins of the Women's Rights Movement is a thorough account and analysis of the convention that began to galvanize women to organize around suffrage, rights for divorce, and other issues that became the mainstay of the women's rights movement. After Anthony's death, the two NAWSA presidents who followed her, Anna Howard Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, battled over who had the greatest claim to her legacy, and Alice Paul of the National Woman's Party (NWP) would dub the Nineteenth Amendment the "Anthony Amendment." Yet Stanton and Anthony's vision of universal suffrage in the History was a constrained one that "insisted that educated, white, middle-class women could, and should, speak for all women.". Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who co-wrote History of Woman Suffrage, wrote in the book that she considered the conference to be the spark that set off the entire suffrage movement. Their activism resulted in the placement of a statue of Sojourner Truth in the Capitol in 2009, an event attended by First Lady Michelle Obama. In 1876, Stanton and Anthony, along with Matilda Joslyn Gage, had begun to gather materials for the History of Woman Suffrage, hitting upon the strategy that would ensure their domination of public memory. For example, calling the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment a "complete victory," as the sixth and final volume of the History of Woman Suffrage does, glosses over the fact that most southern black women would wait several more decades to gain the vote.

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