On the outbreak of World War II, Wilson was drafted into the civil service. From April 1964 to April 1970, family allowances for four children increased as a percentage of male manual workers aged 21 and above from 8% to 11.3%. The Act also introduced a long-term addition of 9 shillings for all pensioners receiving supplementary benefit and for others (with the exception of those required to register for employment) receiving supplementary benefits for two years. " In addition, the Education (School Milk) Act of March 1970 "extended the provision of free school milk to junior pupils in middle schools.". He became Labour’s spokesman on finance and foreign affairs, and in 1960 he mounted a left-wing challenge to Hugh Gaitskell for the party leadership. For the ministries of Premier Frank Wilson, see, Wilson's 790-page "The Labour Government 1964–70: a Personal Record" contains no index entry for abortion, or for. " In 1970 a bill was passed that introduced a new benefit for handicapped children and their families called the Attendance Allowance, although this was not enacted until the following year by the Heath Administration. The Labour Party won the 1964 general election by a majority of four seats.  General improvement areas covering 23,254 dwellings had been declared by September 1970, with work having been completed on 683 dwellings. , Increased funds were allocated to social services during the first Wilson government's time in office. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Corrections? Issues of foreign policy were rarely salient in general elections. The Labour Party had been divided on the issue when in opposition, with former party leader Hugh Gaitskell having come out in 1962 in opposition to Britain joining the Communities. Official Journal of the European Communities, 10 September 1975, No L 238/21. "'Dynamic, Exciting, Thrilling Change': the Wilson Government's Economic Policies, 1964–70,", Warner, Geoffrey. ", Helen Parr, "Britain, America, East of Suez and the EEC: finding a role in British foreign policy, 1964–67.".  The Employers' Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act 1969 was passed, requiring employers to insure their liability to their employees for personal injury, disease or death sustained in their place of work. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Omissions?  From 1964 to 1966, the percentage of homes built in England and Wales by local authorities and New Towns in the form of flats in buildings of 5 storeys or more rose from 22.4% to 25.7%, falling to 9.9% in 1970. Other co-operative bills enacted during this period included a new Clean Air Act, a bill removing restrictions on off-licences, and a bill to promote agriculture co-operatives passed in 1967, which established "A scheme administered by a new Central Council for Agriculture and Horticulture Co-operation with a budget to organise and promote co-operation with agriculture and horticulture".  Central government paid 75% of the costs of these schemes, which were nominated by local authorities in areas of 'acute social need'. A long term addition of 9 shillings (which was subsequently increased to 10 shillings) a week was provided for the allowances of all pensioners and for the long term sick, while the real value of most existing benefits was increased, (such as family allowances, which were substantially raised in 1967 and 1968) with benefits rising at roughly the same rate as salaries over the course of the first Wilson government, while family allowances were significantly increased.